Asynchronous State Estimation of Simultaneous Ego-motion Estimation and Multiple Object Tracking for LiDAR-Inertial Odometry

Yu-Kai Lin, Wen-Chieh Lin, Chieh-Chih Wang

IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pp. 1–7, May. 2023


We propose LiDAR-Inertial Odometry via Simultaneous EGo-motion estimation and Multiple Object Tracking (LIO-SEGMOT), an optimization-based odometry approach targeted for dynamic environments. LIO-SEGMOT is formulated as a state estimation approach with asynchronous state update of the odometry and the object tracking. That is, LIO-SEGMOT can provide continuous object tracking results while preserving the keyframe selection mechanism in the odometry system. Meanwhile, a hierarchical criterion is designed to properly couple odometry and object tracking, preventing system instability due to poor detections. We compare LIO-SEGMOT against the baseline model LIO-SAM, a state-of-the-art LIO approach, under dynamic environments of the KITTI raw dataset and the self-collected Hsinchu dataset. The former experiment shows that LIO-SEGMOT obtains an average improvement 1.61% and 5.41% of odometry accuracy in terms of absolute translational and rotational trajectory errors. The latter experiment also indicates that LIO-SEGMOT obtains an average improvement 6.97% and 4.21% of odometry accuracy.

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